In December 2017, NASA astronaut Randy “Komrade” Bresnik, the commander of the Expedition 53 (the 53rd expedition to the International Space Station) has published two beautiful photos of Istanbul from space. Both photos vent viral.
Istanbul from Space – places marked with numbers
1. Black Sea
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is not a big lake, like Caspian Sea, it is a real sea.
2. The Bosphorus
The Bosphorus, also referred to sometimes as the Istanbul Strait (Turkish: İstanbul Boğazı), is a strait that forms part of the boundary between Europe and Asia. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles strait to the southwest together form the Turkish Straits. The world’s narrowest strait used for international navigation, the Bosphorus connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmara (which is connected by the Dardanelles to the Aegean Sea, and thereby to the Mediterranean Sea.)
The name comes from Greek Bosporos (Βόσπορος), which the ancient Greeks analysed as bous βοῦς ‘ox’ + poros πόρος ‘means of passing a river, ford, ferry’, thus meaning ‘ox-ford’, which is a reference to Io (mythology) from Greek mythology who was transformed into a cow and condemned to wander the earth until she crossed the Bosphorus where she met Prometheus. Although it has been known for a while that the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara flow into each other in an example of a density flow, findings of a study by the University of Leeds in August 2010 reveal that there is in fact an underwater channel of high-density water flowing across the floor of the Bosphorus (caused by the difference in density of the two seas), which would be the sixth largest river on Earth if it were to be on land.
3. Belgrade Forest
The Belgrade Forest (Turkish: Belgrad Ormanı) is a mixed deciduous forest lying 15 kilometers north-west of Istanbul, Turkey. Geographically, the forest is located at the easternmost point of the Thracian Peninsula.
4. Historic Peninsula
The vast majority of the historical places from the ages of four Empires which ruled the city (Roman, Byzantium, Latin and Ottoman) located in the historic peninsula, which is the center of ancient Istanbul. The Historic Peninsula, on which the former Byzantium and Constantinople developed, was surrounded by ancient walls, built initially by Theodosius in the early fifth century. Some of these walls are still erect.
4. The Prince Islands
The Prince Islands, officially just Adalar (“Islands”), are an archipelago off the coast of Istanbul, in the Sea of Marmara. During the summer months the Princes’ Islands are popular destinations for day trips from Istanbul. As there is no traffic on the Islands, the only transport being horse and cart, they are incredibly peaceful compared with the city of Istanbul. They are just a short ferry ride from the city.
6. Sea of Marmara
The Sea of Marmara (or Marmara Sea, Turkish: Marmara Denizi), is an inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey. It connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey’s Asian and European parts. The Bosphorus strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean Sea. The Sea of Marmara is the smallest sea in the world. It has an area of 11,350 km2 (280 km x 80 km). Its greatest depth is 1,370 meters (4,490 ft).
7. Lake Terkos (Durusu)
Lake Terkos (also called Lake Durusu) is a lake in Thrace section of Turkey. Its distance to İstanbul is 40 kilometers (25 mi). Its elevation with respect to sea level is about 4.5 meters (15 ft) and its maximum depth is 11 meters (36 ft). The surface area is 39 square kilometers (15 sq mi). The origin of Terkos lake is a lagoon and it is separated from the Black Sea coast by a 700 meters (2,300 ft) strip. Currently there is no connection to the sea and it is a fresh water lake fed by a number of creeks the most important one being the Istrance creek. The drainage basin is 619 square kilometers (239 sq mi).
The area around the lake was a pirates’ settlement in the medieval ages. A monastery named Trikos was built by the Genoa pirates – hence the name. Until recent years, the lake was the main water source of Istanbul.
Randy Bresnik’s tweets with Istanbul from Space
— Randy Bresnik (@AstroKomrade) December 10, 2017
— Randy Bresnik (@AstroKomrade) December 1, 2017
- Black Sea on wikipedia
- Bosphorus on wikipedia
- Prince Islands on wikipedia
- Sea of Marmara on wikipedia
- Lake Terkos on wikipedia